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ORTHODONTIC CERAMIC BRACES INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC CERAMIC BRACES

At some point, most people decide to undergo some form of teeth straightening because they want to have a beautiful smile. With some of the latest orthodontic technologies, getting straighter teeth has never been easier. Ceramic braces have become quite popular, and they offer several advantages over other forms of treatment. Straighter Teeth with Ceramic Braces Many patients choose ceramic braces because they work like the metal alternatives. They use the same types of wires and brackets, and the brackets must be bonded to your teeth. However, the major difference is the appearance. These braces are often the preferred choice because they’re designed to blend well with your natural teeth. Unlike metal, the ceramic material is colored to look like your real teeth, which is why it’s much more difficult to tell if someone is wearing ceramic braces. What are the Benefits? The greatest benefit of choosing ceramic braces is improved aesthetics, and although they function just as well as their metal counterparts, they’re less noticeable. They are strong enough to last throughout your treatment, and they offer a greater level of comfort than you’d get from metal braces. One of the top reasons why patients choose braces made with ceramic material is because the components don’t stain. They’re also less likely to irritate your gums, which makes them less painful to wear. Another major benefit is bracket choice. Ceramic braces are available with semi-translucent brackets, which look much better with white teeth. However, they can even have tooth-colored ceramic material, which works best for darker teeth. When compared with the alternatives, braces made with ceramic tend to be much better at blending in with your natural teeth, and despite their subtle nature, they’re also very strong. Many patients make the mistake of assuming ceramic braces are like plastic aligners. When compared with plastic aligners, ceramic braces deliver a much faster treatment and have the ability to move teeth quickly. Learn More During an Orthodontic Appointment One of the great things about ceramic braces is that people can undergo orthodontic correction without it being obvious to others that they are doing it. This has led to many more individuals deciding to pursue teeth straightening that maybe wouldn’t have in the past.

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PERIODONTAL (GUM) INR   0 INR  0
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PERIODONTAL (GUM)

Periodontal (gum) disease can be a very aggressive infection: Left untreated, it can destroy the vital periodontal structures that protect teeth and maintain their attachment to the jaw. The end result—tooth loss—harms both your health and appearance. Controlling gum disease and ultimately restoring health and appearance to damaged gums and tooth-supporting bone requires aggressive treatment—sometimes even surgical measures. Periodontal (gum) surgery treats moderate to advanced disease. Infection Control: An Important First Step Gum disease is primarily caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food remnants and bacteria that builds up on tooth surfaces when oral hygiene is inadequate or inefficient. As the gums become infected by the bacteria, the body responds with inflammation, a defensive mechanism aimed at isolating the bacteria and destroying it. But as the war between body and infection rages, the inflammation becomes chronic and damages the surrounding gum and bone tissues. This causes gum attachment and supporting bone to be lost from the teeth, creating spaces between the gums and teeth known as periodontal pockets. The progression of periodontal disease becomes a vicious cycle: As the pockets deepen, dental hygiene becomes less effective. The only way to stop gum disease is to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) from all tooth surfaces—including from the roots that lie beneath the gum line. Dentists use special hand instruments (or ultrasonic equipment) called scalers to manually remove calculus. If you need a deeper cleaning of the root surfaces, your general dentist may refer you to a periodontist (gum specialist) for a manual plaque-removal technique known as root planing or debridement. If the tissues don’t appear to be responding as desired, then antibiotic treatment to reduce bacterial levels might be introduced. Splinting teeth together, or bite adjustment—where a tiny bit of tooth enamel is removed to reduce forces received by a particular tooth—may also be included to help stabilize loose teeth. Of equal importance is a necessary change in behavior and lifestyle on the part of the patient. The disease develops and advances primarily because of a lack of effective hygiene, so the patient must therefore renew and maintain a daily habit of brushing and flossing, and a routine of regular dental visits for cleanings and checkups (at least twice a year and maybe more with advanced gum disease). He or she should also consider stopping tobacco use and other habits that harm oral health. Surgical Techniques If the infection has caused deep periodontal pockets (5 mm or more) or has settled beyond the reach of manual scalers, then gum surgery may be needed to access, clean and repair the diseased areas. Flap surgery is one type of procedure used to access the deeper pockets of infection and clean them. The surgeon, usually a periodontist, creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side still attached to the blood supply. The resulting opening resembles the flap of an envelope. Opening the flap, the surgeon can then access deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, as well as repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. When finished, the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches. Regenerative techniques may also be needed to re-grow lost tissue and bone. These involve the use of various grafting procedures to obtain tissue from the roof of the patient’s mouth or another source and attach it where needed. Once in place, the graft acts as a scaffold for new gum tissue to grow upon and develop. These micro-surgical techniques require meticulous skill (and some level of art) not only to place the grafting material so it is most conducive to growth, but also to fashion it cosmetically to achieve the most attractive result. These and similar procedures are usually performed with local anesthesia, sometimes supplemented with other sedation methods. Special cleaning instructions will be given to protect the site from further infection, and any minor discomfort after the procedure can usually be managed with anti-inflammatory medication (like ibuprofen) for a few days. Treating Disease Today, Preventing It in the Future Gum disease treatment, including surgery, isn’t a cure—the prospect for reoccurrence is always there. Proper hygiene and maintenance by both you and your dentist is essential for preventing this. Gum surgery is performed to regenerate lost bone and to help create an environment around the teeth and gums that makes it easier to clean and maintain them. Gum surgery, then, should be considered as part of an overall strategy to stop periodontal (gum) disease’s unchecked advance so that healing can take place. This will allow you to keep your natural teeth for as long as possible—maybe even for life.

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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS INR   0 INR  0
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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS

Care for conditions from acne to wrinkles. Did you know that your skin is the largest organ of your body? It is, in terms of both weight—between 6 and 9 pounds—and surface area—about 2 square yards. Your skin separates the inside of your body from the outside world. It protects you from bacteria and viruses, and regulates your body temperature. Conditions that irritate, clog, or inflame your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance. Your skin can also develop several kinds of cancers. Here are the key facts about some of the most common skin problems: Acne—A disease that affects the skin's oil glands. The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows. Acne is the most common skin disease; an estimated 80 percent of all people have acne at some point. Early treatment is the best way to prevent scars. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs. A child's face with Eczema Eczema—Also known as atopic dermatitis, this is a long-term skin disease. The most common symptoms are dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Currently, there is no single test to diagnose eczema, so doctors rely on information about you and your family. Hives—Red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin. An allergic reaction to a drug or food usually causes them. People who have other allergies are more likely to get hives than other people. Other causes include infections and stress. Hives are very common. They usually go away on their own, but if you have a serious case, you might need medical help. Impetigo—A skin infection caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal (staph), but sometimes streptococcus (strep) can cause it, too. It is most common in children between the ages of 2 and 6. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch, or insect bite. Symptoms start with red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. These sores usually occur on your face, arms, and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics. A Photo of Melanoma Melanoma—A severe and potentially life-threatening skin cancer. The "ABCD's" of what to watch for with the moles on your skin: Asymmetry: the shape of one half does not match the other Border: the edges are ragged, blurred, or irregular Color: the color is uneven and may include shades of black, brown, and tan Diameter: there is a change in size, usually an increase People with melanoma may have surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of those. To Find Out More Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. Melanoma, a more serious type of skin cancer, is less common. The number of cases of skin cancer has been increasing. Exposure to the sun is a major factor. In 2006, over 30 million people visited health-care providers for skin rashes. Moles—Growths on the skin. They happen when cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in a cluster with tissue surrounding them. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. About one out of every 10 people has at least one unusual (or atypical) mole that looks different from an ordinary mole. They may be more likely than ordinary moles to develop into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. Because of this, you should have a health care professional check your moles if they look unusual, grow larger, change in color or outline, or in any other way. A Photo of an arm with Psoriasis Psoriasis—A skin disease that causes scaling and swelling. Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up on other areas, as well. Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. The doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope. Treatment depends on how serious the disease is, the size of the psoriasis patches, the type of psoriasis, and how the patient reacts to certain treatments. Rashes (basic dermatitis)—Dry and itchy skin; Rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Your doctor will help you develop a good skin care routine, learn to avoid things that lead to flares, and treat symptoms when they occur. A Photo of a mans face with Rosacea Rosacea— Frequent redness (flushing) of the face; small red lines under the skin; inflamed eyes/eyelids, a swollen nose, and thicker skin. Your physician can usually diagnose rosacea with a thorough medical history and physical exam. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled. Skin Cancer—Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Another type of skin cancer, melanoma, is more dangerous but less common. Wrinkles—Your skin changes as you age. You might notice wrinkles, age spots, and dryness. Sunlight is a major cause of skin aging. (See "Skin and Sun—Not a Good Mix"). Cigarette smoking also contributes to wrinkles. The wrinkling increases with the number of cigarettes and years a person has smoked. Many products claim to revitalize aging skin or reduce wrinkles, but the Food and Drug Administration has approved only a few for sun-damaged or aging skin. Various treatments soothe dry skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.

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Gum Surgery INR   0 INR  0
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Gum Surgery

Gum surgery is used to treat gum disease in cases when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and unable to be repaired through non-surgical treatments. Gum surgery can also be performed for cosmetic reasons, as a way of elongating teeth and improving the architecture of the gums. Whether you’re undertaking gum surgery as a way to treat gum disease or you’re choosing it for cosmetic reasons, Dental O So Gentle’s dentists are experienced and qualified in performing gum surgery. What is gum disease? Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is caused by an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surround the teeth. There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis is the more mild of the two, periodontitis is severe and can spread beyond the gums and cause damage to the surrounding bone and tissues. What is gum surgery exactly? There are a few types of gum surgery and each case requires a customised surgery to suit the specific requirements of that situation. Flap surgery/ pocket reduction surgery – this procedure is the removal of tartar from underneath the gums and the reduction in the size of the space between the gum and teeth. This surgery is performed to decrease harmful bacteria growth and to prevent further health problems. In certain cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone can be smoothed over, to help and reduce the amount of places in which bacteria can reside. Soft tissue grafts – this type of gum surgery is undertaken in the event where the gums have receded too far or are too thin. A graft tissue, removed from the roof of the mouth, is then stitched on to the area that has been affected. This grafting process allows the lost dental arch tissue to be restored and improves the aesthetic appeal of the gum area around the tooth. Guided tissue regeneration – this procedure occurs when the bone that supports the tooth is destroyed. The aim of this surgery is to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth. A small piece of mesh like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue, often done in combination with flap surgery. This prevents tissue growth in the area where the bone needs to regenerate, allowing for the regrowth of bone and connective tissue to support the teeth. Bone Surgery – Bone surgery is performed after flap surgery has already been done. The bone is reshaped to rid the surface of any craters that may promote bacteria collection and growth. What can I expect from gum surgery? If you’re preparing to undergo gum surgery here is what to expect: Before the surgery – your dentist will clean your teeth to ensure that it is in the best state possible to receive surgical treatment. You will then be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area. During the surgery – your dentist will fold the gums back to form a flap that allows access to the tissue below the gums. This infected tissue will be removed and the appropriate tooth will be scaled to remove plaque and bacteria that might be growing beneath the gum line. This process will also smooth out rough spots that would otherwise promote gum disease reoccurrence. After the surgery – once the surgery is complete, your dentist will put the gums back into place using stitches. The stitches are resorbable and will dissolve by themselves. Is there any long-term pain after the surgery? Most people experience only mild to moderate pain, which can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers. If you experience moderate swelling we recommend the application of an ice pack to the swollen area. If you’re taking antibiotics as per your dentist’s instruction, make sure to follow the instructions carefully. It is not uncommon for there to be bleeding or swelling after gum surgery, however if these symptoms persist or if any other problems arise, make sure to contact your dentist immediately.

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DENTAL IMPLANTS INR   0 INR  0
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DENTAL IMPLANTS

Dental Implants Dental implants are a type of artificial tooth root. They can be used for both functional and cosmetic purposes. Dental implants also provide a strong foundation on which dental crowns can be placed. These dental crowns can be designed to match your natural teeth allowing for a better-looking smile. There are various reasons why you might decide to receive dental implants. Sometimes they are a necessary treatment and in other cases, they form a part of a cosmetic dental solution. If you’re looking for a Perth dentist who specialises in dental implants for general- and cosmetic treatments, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us at Dental O So Gentle! Uses for Dental Implants Appearance – Dental implants can be used to enhance your appearance and when fused to the bone can both look and feel like your own natural teeth. Speech – For some people, ill-fitting dentures can pose speech problems. If you feel like you’re mumbling or slurring your words, dental implants can be a potential solution to prevent this from happening. Comfort – Both removable and partial full dentures can sometimes be uncomfortable to wear. Plus, sliding dentures can pose an issue when eating certain types of foods. Implants do not cause this problem, due to the permanency and rigidness of their application. Oral health – When you receive dental implants, the surrounding teeth do not need to be altered. This not only allows long term oral health improvement, but it also means that maintaining oral hygiene is easier due to the better access available between teeth. Convenience – The permanency of dental implants removes the necessity to take out your dentures, which can often be time consuming, embarrassing or both. Dental implants can last a lifetime when taken care of properly. If you’re interested in exploring dental implants for any of the above reasons, get in touch with your nearest Dental O So Gentle Perth clinic today. What is involved in receiving dental implants? The first step of receiving dental implants is the development of a personalised treatment plan. This will be a plan customised to address your specific needs, problems and situation, created by your dentist and implant surgeon. The actual application of the dental implants is performed through placing the titanium implants into the bone of the missing tooth. The jawbone then heals and grows around the implant, integrating it with the bone and anchoring it securely in the jaw. The healing and integration process can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. Once the implant has integrated with the jawbone an abutment, which is the name of a small connector post, is then attached to the implant to further secure it in your mouth. Your dentist will take and use an impression of your teeth to then create a model of your bite and consequently a new tooth (or teeth). A replacement tooth, called a crown, is then attached to the abutment. In certain circumstances the abutment itself can be incorporated into the crown. Your new teeth are then customised to match the colour of your natural teeth and secured in the jawbone to ensure that they function, feel and appear like your other teeth. If necessary your dentist may do a bone and tissue augmentation to ensure that the crown appears as if it emerges out of the gum. An implant that is required in the area visible when smiling, may also need a temporary crown to hide the gap until the permanent crown is ready for application. Implant born dentures are applied in a similar way, with only the dentures being attached to the implant. How do I take care of my dental implants? Dental implants can be taken care of by following the same steps involved in caring for natural teeth – regular brushing, flossing and dental check-ups.

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Composite teeth coloured restorations INR   0 INR  0
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Composite teeth coloured restorations

Tooth Coloured Restorations A tooth coloured restoration (filling) is the composite resin used to repair a damaged tooth. If, for example, your dentist needs to treat your cavity, the decayed portion of the tooth will be removed and the area from which that material was taken will have this restorative resin placed in it instead. Tooth coloured restorations are also used to help repair cracked, broken or worn down teeth. This can be caused by trauma, nail biting, or tooth grinding, as but a few examples. There are multiple reasons for using a tooth-coloured composite: Aesthetic – Due to the fact that the composite restoration can be closely matched to the colour and shade of your natural teeth, it is well suited for use in areas or on teeth that are visible. Bonding – Composite restorations bond to the tooth structure chemically, which provides a strong support to the tooth. Versatility – Tooth coloured restorations are able to be used for a variety of treatments, including but not limited to decaying teeth, chipped teeth, broken teeth or worn down teeth. Preparation –In cases where tooth structure needs to be removed, such as when there is decay, tooth coloured restorations allow for the minimal amount of the tooth to have to be removed. Why would I need a temporary tooth restoration? You might need a temporary restoration in one of the following circumstances: After a root canal treatment. To settle down a tooth’s nerve; when the pulp, which contains the nerve and carries the blood, becomes irritated. In the event that emergency dental treatment is required. Restorations can often be used in the interim, before a permanent crown can be placed, in instances such as toothaches or broken teeth, for example. What is involved in the restoration of a tooth? Your dentist will first numb the area of the mouth using a local anesthetic. The decayed area of the tooth, if necessary, will be removed using dental hand pieces and diamond burs. Your dentist will check that all of the decay has been removed by probing the affected area during the removal procedure and staining it with a decay-detecting agent. Then your dentist will clean the cavity of additional bacteria and debris in order to prepare the area for the restoration. The tooth coloured material is then applied in layers, with a special light that “cures”/hardens each layer as it is applied. Once the layering process is completed, your dentist will shape the composite material, trimming off any excess material, and polishing it accordingly. Once the final restoration is applied, your bite will then be checked to ensure that it is functioning properly.

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