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ORTHODONTIC CERAMIC BRACES INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC CERAMIC BRACES

At some point, most people decide to undergo some form of teeth straightening because they want to have a beautiful smile. With some of the latest orthodontic technologies, getting straighter teeth has never been easier. Ceramic braces have become quite popular, and they offer several advantages over other forms of treatment. Straighter Teeth with Ceramic Braces Many patients choose ceramic braces because they work like the metal alternatives. They use the same types of wires and brackets, and the brackets must be bonded to your teeth. However, the major difference is the appearance. These braces are often the preferred choice because they’re designed to blend well with your natural teeth. Unlike metal, the ceramic material is colored to look like your real teeth, which is why it’s much more difficult to tell if someone is wearing ceramic braces. What are the Benefits? The greatest benefit of choosing ceramic braces is improved aesthetics, and although they function just as well as their metal counterparts, they’re less noticeable. They are strong enough to last throughout your treatment, and they offer a greater level of comfort than you’d get from metal braces. One of the top reasons why patients choose braces made with ceramic material is because the components don’t stain. They’re also less likely to irritate your gums, which makes them less painful to wear. Another major benefit is bracket choice. Ceramic braces are available with semi-translucent brackets, which look much better with white teeth. However, they can even have tooth-colored ceramic material, which works best for darker teeth. When compared with the alternatives, braces made with ceramic tend to be much better at blending in with your natural teeth, and despite their subtle nature, they’re also very strong. Many patients make the mistake of assuming ceramic braces are like plastic aligners. When compared with plastic aligners, ceramic braces deliver a much faster treatment and have the ability to move teeth quickly. Learn More During an Orthodontic Appointment One of the great things about ceramic braces is that people can undergo orthodontic correction without it being obvious to others that they are doing it. This has led to many more individuals deciding to pursue teeth straightening that maybe wouldn’t have in the past.

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SURGICAL EXTRACTIONS (WISDOM TOOTH) INR   0 INR  0
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SURGICAL EXTRACTIONS (WISDOM TOOTH)

The pain, swelling and discomfort that follows wisdom tooth extraction is a normal part of the healing process. How long is wisdom teeth recovery time? When will you be back to chewing crunchy carrots and apples with ease? Getting Your Teeth Pulled The wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, are the final set of molars to erupt. Not everyone keeps these teeth, nor are they necessary for having a healthy, beautiful smile. In fact, they can cause harm if they do not come in properly. When these molars come in, usually between the ages of 16 and 20, there may not be enough room left for them to erupt. As a result, they can emerge at an angle, they may crowd the mouth and sometimes they don't fully emerge. This can lead to future oral health problems like infections and pain. The American Dental Association recommends that people have their mouth checked before age 20 to see how the wisdom teeth are erupting and for wisdom teethimpaction while the roots are still developing. If necessary, a dentist or an oral surgeon can remove the final molars in a single outpatient procedure. Tooth extraction is a form of major surgery. While in general anesthesia or local anesthesia options are used to make wisdom teeth removal a more comfortable procedure, pain and discomfort are a part of the process, especially after the anesthesia wears off. After your teeth are pulled, wisdom teeth recovery time begins. Taking Care of Yourself After Surgery After getting your wisdom teeth pulled, you are likely to experience pain and swelling. There may be some bleeding. While your mouth heals, you have to be careful not to dislodge the blood clot or harm your healing gums. You should not consume solid foods, alcohol, coffee, soda or hot beverages in the first few days following your procedure. You shouldn't even brush your teeth for the first day of recovery. According to the offices of practicing oral surgeon Dr. Joseph Arzadon of Arlington, Virginia, typical wisdom teeth recovery time is three to four days, although it can be as long as one week. The length of recovery depends a lot on how badly the wisdom teeth were impacted and how they were erupting. There are plenty of things you can do to make the recovery time easier. Plan on taking it easy for a few days; you can resume your normal activities after the first day in most cases, but for about a week you don't want to do anything that could dislodge the blood clot from where your teeth were removed. For the pain, you can take a prescription pain killer given to you by your oral surgeon or recommended over-the-counter pain relievers. To help with the swelling, place an ice pack over your jaw. The cold helps to reduce the inflammation and ease any discomfort. Your dentist or oral surgeon should instruct you on how to take care of your mouth for the recovery period. You may be told to avoid brushing, spitting, flossing and rinsing for 24 hours. After that, you can gently brush your teeth. Rinse your mouth with salt water frequently to help keep it clean and prevent an infection. Stock up on apple sauce, yogurt, cottage cheese and other soft foods. You want to eat a soft-food diet for the first day or more and then slowly move to semi-soft foods when you are ready. The recovery period can take several days and in some cases there may still be swelling and discomfort for a week or more. Use ice packs, enjoy soft foods and keep your mouth clean with simple salt water. If you notice any unusual symptoms like pus discharge, severe pain or a fever, call your oral surgeon right away. While complications such as an infection are rare, they are possible.

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ORTHODONTIC LINGUAL BRACES INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC LINGUAL BRACES

There are so many options available to people who want to get their teeth straightened, but one you may not have thought of is lingual braces. What are lingual braces and how do they differ from the other types of braces? With 4.5 million people in the United States currently wearing braces or some other appliance in pursuit to straighten their teeth and keep their mouth beautiful, it is vital. And it's not just important for kids; of those millions, health insurance company Humana says at least 25 percent of them are adults. What Are Lingual Braces? Lingual braces are placed behind the teeth (by the tongue and palate), rather than in front, and therefore offer a great cosmetic alternative for those who want their teeth straightened, without the braces showing. The process for lingual braces involves taking an impression of the teeth, which is then sent to a dental laboratory and used to create customized brackets. The process takes about six weeks and, once complete, allows the orthodontist to use a specific process to cement the braces onto the back surfaces of your teeth. Like traditional braces, this product works by applying gentle yet continuous pressure on the teeth, to help them slowly shift into proper position. The treatment can take anywhere from 18-36 months, depending on the severity of a patient's overcrowding of teeth or their bite. Braces are definitely worth the investment, but lingual braces have special requirements. Because they're custom made, they cost a bit more and treatment tends to be more involved. One of the biggest factors to consider is the cost of the materials; each tooth has its own installment of brackets and arch wires. With costs of $5,000 or more, find out which type of lingual braces would be most effective for your family. Not all orthodontists offer lingual braces because training and technical expertise are needed. The American Lingual Association of Orthodontists represents orthodontists dedicated to using the lingual braces procedure. Types of Lingual Braces Your choice of brand depends upon the orthodontist and his recommendation, as well as your preference. Regardless of the developer, the oral appliance device works in the same way. The difference is in the design and how the braces are attached and secured on the back of the teeth. Some of the most popular brands are: Incognito iBraces In-Ovation STb Light Lingual System Suresmile Lingual QT Taking Care of Lingual Braces As with any orthodontic appliance, good oral hygiene is essential to ensure that gingivitis or tooth decay don't creep in. Proper dental hygiene should include: Brushing twice a day for at least two minutes. Using a soft round-bristle toothbrush to brush at the gumline and the teeth. Flossing daily (floss threader can also be used) or an interproximal brush (if space between the teeth is present) to remove plaque and food debris between the teeth. Using an oral irrigation device to help flush out food debris around the brackets and teeth. Rinsing with a fluoride rinse to strengthen the teeth. Lingual braces may also irritate the tongue and may cause it to become tender. Using wax against the lower teeth to cover the braces can help alleviate this soreness. Some people find speaking clearly and enunciating more difficult while wearing lingual braces. With enough practice, wearers get used to the feel of the braces on the backs of their teeth, and talking normally is a snap. Ultimately, professional dental cleanings every six months are critical to a patient's health with braces. Daily dental habits such as brushing twice a day and flossing daily will prevent plaque buildup and tooth decay. In addition, using products like Colgate Total Daily Repair toothpaste repairs early teeth and gum damage. Having a great smile is worth the temporary inconvenience and expense of braces. Some people are hesitant to invest in them despite the difference they can make — lingual braces are an answer to this problem. Whether you can see them or not, find out which braces are right for you. After all, a beautiful smile with healthy, straight teeth is absolutely worth the effort!

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ORTHODONTIC CLEAR ALIGNERS INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC CLEAR ALIGNERS

When consumers think about orthodontics, braces are the first thing to come to mind. However, orthodontics is more than just braces. Orthodontists are concerned with the position of the teeth, what has caused them to arrive at their current position, and what future movement may be needed so that a patient’s bite is fully functional. Your cosmetic dentist may have some orthodontic options available to straighten your teeth, ranging from conventional braces (with wires and brackets) to invisible braces (clear orthodontic aligners). Each method ranges in price and treatment length, and will vary by patient. Ask your cosmetic dentist about which treatment is right for you. CLEAR ORTHODONTICS ALIGNERS Clear orthodontic aligners can straighten a dental patient’s teeth without the wires and brackets of traditional braces. The aligners consist of a sequence of clear, removable trays that fit over the teeth to straighten them. Each tray must be worn by the patient for a specified amount of time—usually around 20 hours a day for two weeks–before the patient can progress to the next tray. In most situations, the aligners can straighten teeth in anywhere from six to 18 months. Clear orthodontic aligners are suitable for patients with mild or moderate crowding, or minor spacing issues. They may not be appropriate for patients with severe crowding or spacing. While the aligners can correct a mild malocclusion, patients with severe underbites, overbites or crossbites may require more advanced orthodontic treatment. Unlike traditional braces, the trays can be removed for brushing, flossing, and eating. Because the trays are clear, patients can undergo this type of orthodontic treatment without the usual discomfort associated with regular braces. Although treatment prices for aligners are normally set by the individual dentist or orthodontist, they can be more expensive than braces. If a patient fails to wear the trays properly, or loses them, additional costs may be incurred if new trays or impressions of a patient’s teeth are needed.

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PERIODONTAL (GUM) INR   0 INR  0
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PERIODONTAL (GUM)

Periodontal (gum) disease can be a very aggressive infection: Left untreated, it can destroy the vital periodontal structures that protect teeth and maintain their attachment to the jaw. The end result—tooth loss—harms both your health and appearance. Controlling gum disease and ultimately restoring health and appearance to damaged gums and tooth-supporting bone requires aggressive treatment—sometimes even surgical measures. Periodontal (gum) surgery treats moderate to advanced disease. Infection Control: An Important First Step Gum disease is primarily caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food remnants and bacteria that builds up on tooth surfaces when oral hygiene is inadequate or inefficient. As the gums become infected by the bacteria, the body responds with inflammation, a defensive mechanism aimed at isolating the bacteria and destroying it. But as the war between body and infection rages, the inflammation becomes chronic and damages the surrounding gum and bone tissues. This causes gum attachment and supporting bone to be lost from the teeth, creating spaces between the gums and teeth known as periodontal pockets. The progression of periodontal disease becomes a vicious cycle: As the pockets deepen, dental hygiene becomes less effective. The only way to stop gum disease is to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) from all tooth surfaces—including from the roots that lie beneath the gum line. Dentists use special hand instruments (or ultrasonic equipment) called scalers to manually remove calculus. If you need a deeper cleaning of the root surfaces, your general dentist may refer you to a periodontist (gum specialist) for a manual plaque-removal technique known as root planing or debridement. If the tissues don’t appear to be responding as desired, then antibiotic treatment to reduce bacterial levels might be introduced. Splinting teeth together, or bite adjustment—where a tiny bit of tooth enamel is removed to reduce forces received by a particular tooth—may also be included to help stabilize loose teeth. Of equal importance is a necessary change in behavior and lifestyle on the part of the patient. The disease develops and advances primarily because of a lack of effective hygiene, so the patient must therefore renew and maintain a daily habit of brushing and flossing, and a routine of regular dental visits for cleanings and checkups (at least twice a year and maybe more with advanced gum disease). He or she should also consider stopping tobacco use and other habits that harm oral health. Surgical Techniques If the infection has caused deep periodontal pockets (5 mm or more) or has settled beyond the reach of manual scalers, then gum surgery may be needed to access, clean and repair the diseased areas. Flap surgery is one type of procedure used to access the deeper pockets of infection and clean them. The surgeon, usually a periodontist, creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side still attached to the blood supply. The resulting opening resembles the flap of an envelope. Opening the flap, the surgeon can then access deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, as well as repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. When finished, the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches. Regenerative techniques may also be needed to re-grow lost tissue and bone. These involve the use of various grafting procedures to obtain tissue from the roof of the patient’s mouth or another source and attach it where needed. Once in place, the graft acts as a scaffold for new gum tissue to grow upon and develop. These micro-surgical techniques require meticulous skill (and some level of art) not only to place the grafting material so it is most conducive to growth, but also to fashion it cosmetically to achieve the most attractive result. These and similar procedures are usually performed with local anesthesia, sometimes supplemented with other sedation methods. Special cleaning instructions will be given to protect the site from further infection, and any minor discomfort after the procedure can usually be managed with anti-inflammatory medication (like ibuprofen) for a few days. Treating Disease Today, Preventing It in the Future Gum disease treatment, including surgery, isn’t a cure—the prospect for reoccurrence is always there. Proper hygiene and maintenance by both you and your dentist is essential for preventing this. Gum surgery is performed to regenerate lost bone and to help create an environment around the teeth and gums that makes it easier to clean and maintain them. Gum surgery, then, should be considered as part of an overall strategy to stop periodontal (gum) disease’s unchecked advance so that healing can take place. This will allow you to keep your natural teeth for as long as possible—maybe even for life.

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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS INR   0 INR  0
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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS

Care for conditions from acne to wrinkles. Did you know that your skin is the largest organ of your body? It is, in terms of both weight—between 6 and 9 pounds—and surface area—about 2 square yards. Your skin separates the inside of your body from the outside world. It protects you from bacteria and viruses, and regulates your body temperature. Conditions that irritate, clog, or inflame your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance. Your skin can also develop several kinds of cancers. Here are the key facts about some of the most common skin problems: Acne—A disease that affects the skin's oil glands. The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows. Acne is the most common skin disease; an estimated 80 percent of all people have acne at some point. Early treatment is the best way to prevent scars. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs. A child's face with Eczema Eczema—Also known as atopic dermatitis, this is a long-term skin disease. The most common symptoms are dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Currently, there is no single test to diagnose eczema, so doctors rely on information about you and your family. Hives—Red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin. An allergic reaction to a drug or food usually causes them. People who have other allergies are more likely to get hives than other people. Other causes include infections and stress. Hives are very common. They usually go away on their own, but if you have a serious case, you might need medical help. Impetigo—A skin infection caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal (staph), but sometimes streptococcus (strep) can cause it, too. It is most common in children between the ages of 2 and 6. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch, or insect bite. Symptoms start with red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. These sores usually occur on your face, arms, and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics. A Photo of Melanoma Melanoma—A severe and potentially life-threatening skin cancer. The "ABCD's" of what to watch for with the moles on your skin: Asymmetry: the shape of one half does not match the other Border: the edges are ragged, blurred, or irregular Color: the color is uneven and may include shades of black, brown, and tan Diameter: there is a change in size, usually an increase People with melanoma may have surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of those. To Find Out More Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. Melanoma, a more serious type of skin cancer, is less common. The number of cases of skin cancer has been increasing. Exposure to the sun is a major factor. In 2006, over 30 million people visited health-care providers for skin rashes. Moles—Growths on the skin. They happen when cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in a cluster with tissue surrounding them. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. About one out of every 10 people has at least one unusual (or atypical) mole that looks different from an ordinary mole. They may be more likely than ordinary moles to develop into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. Because of this, you should have a health care professional check your moles if they look unusual, grow larger, change in color or outline, or in any other way. A Photo of an arm with Psoriasis Psoriasis—A skin disease that causes scaling and swelling. Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up on other areas, as well. Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. The doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope. Treatment depends on how serious the disease is, the size of the psoriasis patches, the type of psoriasis, and how the patient reacts to certain treatments. Rashes (basic dermatitis)—Dry and itchy skin; Rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Your doctor will help you develop a good skin care routine, learn to avoid things that lead to flares, and treat symptoms when they occur. A Photo of a mans face with Rosacea Rosacea— Frequent redness (flushing) of the face; small red lines under the skin; inflamed eyes/eyelids, a swollen nose, and thicker skin. Your physician can usually diagnose rosacea with a thorough medical history and physical exam. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled. Skin Cancer—Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Another type of skin cancer, melanoma, is more dangerous but less common. Wrinkles—Your skin changes as you age. You might notice wrinkles, age spots, and dryness. Sunlight is a major cause of skin aging. (See "Skin and Sun—Not a Good Mix"). Cigarette smoking also contributes to wrinkles. The wrinkling increases with the number of cigarettes and years a person has smoked. Many products claim to revitalize aging skin or reduce wrinkles, but the Food and Drug Administration has approved only a few for sun-damaged or aging skin. Various treatments soothe dry skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.

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Pediatric Dentists INR   0 INR  0
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Pediatric Dentists

Pediatric Dentists Pediatric dentists are dedicated to the oral health of children from infancy through the teen years. They have the experience and qualifications to care for a child’s teeth, gums, and mouth throughout the various stages of childhood. Children begin to get their baby teeth during the first 6 months of life. By age 6 or 7 years, they start to lose their first set of teeth, which eventually are replaced by secondary, permanent teeth. Without proper dental care, children face possible oral decay and disease that can cause a lifetime of pain and complications. Today, early childhood dental caries—an infectious disease—is 5 times more common in children than asthma and 7 times more common than hay fever. What Kind of Training Do Pediatric Dentists Have? Pediatric dentists have completed at least: Four years of dental school Two additional years of residency training in dentistry for infants, children, teens, and children with special needs What Types of Treatments Do Pediatric Dentists Provide? Pediatric dentists provide comprehensive oral health care that includes the following: Infant oral health exams, which include risk assessment for caries in mother and child Preventive dental care including cleaning and fluoride treatments, as well as nutrition and diet recommendations Habit counseling (for example, pacifier use and thumb sucking) Early assessment and treatment for straightening teeth and correcting an improper bite (orthodontics) Repair of tooth cavities or defects Diagnosis of oral conditions associated with diseases such as diabetes, congenital heart defect, asthma, hay fever, and attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder Management of gum diseases and conditions including ulcers, short frenulae, mucoceles, and pediatric periodontal disease Care for dental injuries (for example, fractured, displaced, or knocked-out teeth) Where Can I Find A Pediatric Dentist? Pediatric dentists practice in a variety of locations including private practices, dental schools, and medical centers. Your pediatrician can help you find a pediatric dentist near your home. Pediatric Dentists — The Best Care For Children Children are not just small adults. They are not always able to be patient and cooperative during a dental exam. Pediatric dentists know how to examine and treat children in ways that make them comfortable. In addition, pediatric dentists use specially designed equipment in offices that are arranged and decorated with children in mind. A pediatric dentist offers a wide range of treatment options, as well as expertise and training to care for your child’s teeth, gums, and mouth. When your pediatrician suggests that your child receive a dental exam, you can be assured that a pediatric dentist will provide the best possible care.

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