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ORTHODONTIC LINGUAL BRACES INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC LINGUAL BRACES

There are so many options available to people who want to get their teeth straightened, but one you may not have thought of is lingual braces. What are lingual braces and how do they differ from the other types of braces? With 4.5 million people in the United States currently wearing braces or some other appliance in pursuit to straighten their teeth and keep their mouth beautiful, it is vital. And it's not just important for kids; of those millions, health insurance company Humana says at least 25 percent of them are adults. What Are Lingual Braces? Lingual braces are placed behind the teeth (by the tongue and palate), rather than in front, and therefore offer a great cosmetic alternative for those who want their teeth straightened, without the braces showing. The process for lingual braces involves taking an impression of the teeth, which is then sent to a dental laboratory and used to create customized brackets. The process takes about six weeks and, once complete, allows the orthodontist to use a specific process to cement the braces onto the back surfaces of your teeth. Like traditional braces, this product works by applying gentle yet continuous pressure on the teeth, to help them slowly shift into proper position. The treatment can take anywhere from 18-36 months, depending on the severity of a patient's overcrowding of teeth or their bite. Braces are definitely worth the investment, but lingual braces have special requirements. Because they're custom made, they cost a bit more and treatment tends to be more involved. One of the biggest factors to consider is the cost of the materials; each tooth has its own installment of brackets and arch wires. With costs of $5,000 or more, find out which type of lingual braces would be most effective for your family. Not all orthodontists offer lingual braces because training and technical expertise are needed. The American Lingual Association of Orthodontists represents orthodontists dedicated to using the lingual braces procedure. Types of Lingual Braces Your choice of brand depends upon the orthodontist and his recommendation, as well as your preference. Regardless of the developer, the oral appliance device works in the same way. The difference is in the design and how the braces are attached and secured on the back of the teeth. Some of the most popular brands are: Incognito iBraces In-Ovation STb Light Lingual System Suresmile Lingual QT Taking Care of Lingual Braces As with any orthodontic appliance, good oral hygiene is essential to ensure that gingivitis or tooth decay don't creep in. Proper dental hygiene should include: Brushing twice a day for at least two minutes. Using a soft round-bristle toothbrush to brush at the gumline and the teeth. Flossing daily (floss threader can also be used) or an interproximal brush (if space between the teeth is present) to remove plaque and food debris between the teeth. Using an oral irrigation device to help flush out food debris around the brackets and teeth. Rinsing with a fluoride rinse to strengthen the teeth. Lingual braces may also irritate the tongue and may cause it to become tender. Using wax against the lower teeth to cover the braces can help alleviate this soreness. Some people find speaking clearly and enunciating more difficult while wearing lingual braces. With enough practice, wearers get used to the feel of the braces on the backs of their teeth, and talking normally is a snap. Ultimately, professional dental cleanings every six months are critical to a patient's health with braces. Daily dental habits such as brushing twice a day and flossing daily will prevent plaque buildup and tooth decay. In addition, using products like Colgate Total Daily Repair toothpaste repairs early teeth and gum damage. Having a great smile is worth the temporary inconvenience and expense of braces. Some people are hesitant to invest in them despite the difference they can make — lingual braces are an answer to this problem. Whether you can see them or not, find out which braces are right for you. After all, a beautiful smile with healthy, straight teeth is absolutely worth the effort!

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ORTHODONTIC METAL BRACES INR   0 INR  0
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ORTHODONTIC METAL BRACES

A variety of orthodontic options exist today for people looking into getting braces. From traditional metal braces to Invisalign aligners, it can be a challenge to decide which choice is the best for your particular needs. Your dentist will likely refer you to an orthodontist who can work with you to explain the benefits of each type. Advantages and Disadvantages of Metal Orthodontia Traditional braces are more effective at treating extreme overcrowding than other options like clear braces or Invisalign aligners and are less expensive. They give your orthodontist the control he needs to move the teeth in small increments at a time. The main disadvantage of traditional braces is the metal mouth appearance. While less noticeable orthodontics like Invisalign may seem like a better choice for those who are conscious of their appearance, today's braces are more visually appealing than in past years, with a range of color options for both the brackets and the elastics. Wearing these types of braces also means that you don't have to worry about ever misplacing your aligners. Taking Care of Your Braces If you and your dentist decide that metal braces are the right choice for your orthodontic needs, some things to keep in mind include Avoid foods that aren't braces-friendly. Avoid chewy foods, like caramels or other soft candies, as well as very hard or crunchy foods that could damage your braces. Certain fruits and vegetables can get stuck in your braces, and should be cut into small pieces. Your practitioner will likely give you a list of foods to avoid to keep your braces in good shape and decrease your risk of cavities. Brush and floss appropriately. Taking proper care of your teeth is always important, but it is especially true when you have braces. Brushing and flossing regularly will keep your braces looking good and help you avoid staining to your teeth. Your dentist may recommend you use a special brush designed to get into the crevices and different surfaces in metal braces. It may take some practice to learn how to brush and floss around your braces, but it will get easier with time. Learn more about proper flossing techniques in the Colgate Oral Care resources. Keep your followup appointments. Seeing your dentist and orthodontist regularly allows for any adjustments to the braces to be made and gives you an opportunity to have any questions or concerns addressed. You will be wearing your braces for a fairly lengthy period, so it is important to follow your orthodontist's instructions and care for them properly. While braces may seem like an inconvenience, once the treatment is over, your new smile will be all the reward you need.

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PERIODONTAL (GUM) INR   0 INR  0
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PERIODONTAL (GUM)

Periodontal (gum) disease can be a very aggressive infection: Left untreated, it can destroy the vital periodontal structures that protect teeth and maintain their attachment to the jaw. The end result—tooth loss—harms both your health and appearance. Controlling gum disease and ultimately restoring health and appearance to damaged gums and tooth-supporting bone requires aggressive treatment—sometimes even surgical measures. Periodontal (gum) surgery treats moderate to advanced disease. Infection Control: An Important First Step Gum disease is primarily caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food remnants and bacteria that builds up on tooth surfaces when oral hygiene is inadequate or inefficient. As the gums become infected by the bacteria, the body responds with inflammation, a defensive mechanism aimed at isolating the bacteria and destroying it. But as the war between body and infection rages, the inflammation becomes chronic and damages the surrounding gum and bone tissues. This causes gum attachment and supporting bone to be lost from the teeth, creating spaces between the gums and teeth known as periodontal pockets. The progression of periodontal disease becomes a vicious cycle: As the pockets deepen, dental hygiene becomes less effective. The only way to stop gum disease is to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) from all tooth surfaces—including from the roots that lie beneath the gum line. Dentists use special hand instruments (or ultrasonic equipment) called scalers to manually remove calculus. If you need a deeper cleaning of the root surfaces, your general dentist may refer you to a periodontist (gum specialist) for a manual plaque-removal technique known as root planing or debridement. If the tissues don’t appear to be responding as desired, then antibiotic treatment to reduce bacterial levels might be introduced. Splinting teeth together, or bite adjustment—where a tiny bit of tooth enamel is removed to reduce forces received by a particular tooth—may also be included to help stabilize loose teeth. Of equal importance is a necessary change in behavior and lifestyle on the part of the patient. The disease develops and advances primarily because of a lack of effective hygiene, so the patient must therefore renew and maintain a daily habit of brushing and flossing, and a routine of regular dental visits for cleanings and checkups (at least twice a year and maybe more with advanced gum disease). He or she should also consider stopping tobacco use and other habits that harm oral health. Surgical Techniques If the infection has caused deep periodontal pockets (5 mm or more) or has settled beyond the reach of manual scalers, then gum surgery may be needed to access, clean and repair the diseased areas. Flap surgery is one type of procedure used to access the deeper pockets of infection and clean them. The surgeon, usually a periodontist, creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side still attached to the blood supply. The resulting opening resembles the flap of an envelope. Opening the flap, the surgeon can then access deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, as well as repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. When finished, the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches. Regenerative techniques may also be needed to re-grow lost tissue and bone. These involve the use of various grafting procedures to obtain tissue from the roof of the patient’s mouth or another source and attach it where needed. Once in place, the graft acts as a scaffold for new gum tissue to grow upon and develop. These micro-surgical techniques require meticulous skill (and some level of art) not only to place the grafting material so it is most conducive to growth, but also to fashion it cosmetically to achieve the most attractive result. These and similar procedures are usually performed with local anesthesia, sometimes supplemented with other sedation methods. Special cleaning instructions will be given to protect the site from further infection, and any minor discomfort after the procedure can usually be managed with anti-inflammatory medication (like ibuprofen) for a few days. Treating Disease Today, Preventing It in the Future Gum disease treatment, including surgery, isn’t a cure—the prospect for reoccurrence is always there. Proper hygiene and maintenance by both you and your dentist is essential for preventing this. Gum surgery is performed to regenerate lost bone and to help create an environment around the teeth and gums that makes it easier to clean and maintain them. Gum surgery, then, should be considered as part of an overall strategy to stop periodontal (gum) disease’s unchecked advance so that healing can take place. This will allow you to keep your natural teeth for as long as possible—maybe even for life.

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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS INR   0 INR  0
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SKIN DISEASES & DISORDERS

Care for conditions from acne to wrinkles. Did you know that your skin is the largest organ of your body? It is, in terms of both weight—between 6 and 9 pounds—and surface area—about 2 square yards. Your skin separates the inside of your body from the outside world. It protects you from bacteria and viruses, and regulates your body temperature. Conditions that irritate, clog, or inflame your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance. Your skin can also develop several kinds of cancers. Here are the key facts about some of the most common skin problems: Acne—A disease that affects the skin's oil glands. The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows. Acne is the most common skin disease; an estimated 80 percent of all people have acne at some point. Early treatment is the best way to prevent scars. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs. A child's face with Eczema Eczema—Also known as atopic dermatitis, this is a long-term skin disease. The most common symptoms are dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Currently, there is no single test to diagnose eczema, so doctors rely on information about you and your family. Hives—Red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin. An allergic reaction to a drug or food usually causes them. People who have other allergies are more likely to get hives than other people. Other causes include infections and stress. Hives are very common. They usually go away on their own, but if you have a serious case, you might need medical help. Impetigo—A skin infection caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal (staph), but sometimes streptococcus (strep) can cause it, too. It is most common in children between the ages of 2 and 6. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch, or insect bite. Symptoms start with red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. These sores usually occur on your face, arms, and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics. A Photo of Melanoma Melanoma—A severe and potentially life-threatening skin cancer. The "ABCD's" of what to watch for with the moles on your skin: Asymmetry: the shape of one half does not match the other Border: the edges are ragged, blurred, or irregular Color: the color is uneven and may include shades of black, brown, and tan Diameter: there is a change in size, usually an increase People with melanoma may have surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of those. To Find Out More Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. Melanoma, a more serious type of skin cancer, is less common. The number of cases of skin cancer has been increasing. Exposure to the sun is a major factor. In 2006, over 30 million people visited health-care providers for skin rashes. Moles—Growths on the skin. They happen when cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in a cluster with tissue surrounding them. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. About one out of every 10 people has at least one unusual (or atypical) mole that looks different from an ordinary mole. They may be more likely than ordinary moles to develop into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. Because of this, you should have a health care professional check your moles if they look unusual, grow larger, change in color or outline, or in any other way. A Photo of an arm with Psoriasis Psoriasis—A skin disease that causes scaling and swelling. Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up on other areas, as well. Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. The doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope. Treatment depends on how serious the disease is, the size of the psoriasis patches, the type of psoriasis, and how the patient reacts to certain treatments. Rashes (basic dermatitis)—Dry and itchy skin; Rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Your doctor will help you develop a good skin care routine, learn to avoid things that lead to flares, and treat symptoms when they occur. A Photo of a mans face with Rosacea Rosacea— Frequent redness (flushing) of the face; small red lines under the skin; inflamed eyes/eyelids, a swollen nose, and thicker skin. Your physician can usually diagnose rosacea with a thorough medical history and physical exam. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled. Skin Cancer—Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Another type of skin cancer, melanoma, is more dangerous but less common. Wrinkles—Your skin changes as you age. You might notice wrinkles, age spots, and dryness. Sunlight is a major cause of skin aging. (See "Skin and Sun—Not a Good Mix"). Cigarette smoking also contributes to wrinkles. The wrinkling increases with the number of cigarettes and years a person has smoked. Many products claim to revitalize aging skin or reduce wrinkles, but the Food and Drug Administration has approved only a few for sun-damaged or aging skin. Various treatments soothe dry skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.

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Gum Surgery INR   0 INR  0
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Gum Surgery

Gum surgery is used to treat gum disease in cases when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and unable to be repaired through non-surgical treatments. Gum surgery can also be performed for cosmetic reasons, as a way of elongating teeth and improving the architecture of the gums. Whether you’re undertaking gum surgery as a way to treat gum disease or you’re choosing it for cosmetic reasons, Dental O So Gentle’s dentists are experienced and qualified in performing gum surgery. What is gum disease? Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is caused by an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surround the teeth. There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis is the more mild of the two, periodontitis is severe and can spread beyond the gums and cause damage to the surrounding bone and tissues. What is gum surgery exactly? There are a few types of gum surgery and each case requires a customised surgery to suit the specific requirements of that situation. Flap surgery/ pocket reduction surgery – this procedure is the removal of tartar from underneath the gums and the reduction in the size of the space between the gum and teeth. This surgery is performed to decrease harmful bacteria growth and to prevent further health problems. In certain cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone can be smoothed over, to help and reduce the amount of places in which bacteria can reside. Soft tissue grafts – this type of gum surgery is undertaken in the event where the gums have receded too far or are too thin. A graft tissue, removed from the roof of the mouth, is then stitched on to the area that has been affected. This grafting process allows the lost dental arch tissue to be restored and improves the aesthetic appeal of the gum area around the tooth. Guided tissue regeneration – this procedure occurs when the bone that supports the tooth is destroyed. The aim of this surgery is to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth. A small piece of mesh like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue, often done in combination with flap surgery. This prevents tissue growth in the area where the bone needs to regenerate, allowing for the regrowth of bone and connective tissue to support the teeth. Bone Surgery – Bone surgery is performed after flap surgery has already been done. The bone is reshaped to rid the surface of any craters that may promote bacteria collection and growth. What can I expect from gum surgery? If you’re preparing to undergo gum surgery here is what to expect: Before the surgery – your dentist will clean your teeth to ensure that it is in the best state possible to receive surgical treatment. You will then be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area. During the surgery – your dentist will fold the gums back to form a flap that allows access to the tissue below the gums. This infected tissue will be removed and the appropriate tooth will be scaled to remove plaque and bacteria that might be growing beneath the gum line. This process will also smooth out rough spots that would otherwise promote gum disease reoccurrence. After the surgery – once the surgery is complete, your dentist will put the gums back into place using stitches. The stitches are resorbable and will dissolve by themselves. Is there any long-term pain after the surgery? Most people experience only mild to moderate pain, which can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers. If you experience moderate swelling we recommend the application of an ice pack to the swollen area. If you’re taking antibiotics as per your dentist’s instruction, make sure to follow the instructions carefully. It is not uncommon for there to be bleeding or swelling after gum surgery, however if these symptoms persist or if any other problems arise, make sure to contact your dentist immediately.

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