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Adult Orthodontics: A Beautiful Smile Improves Life When you think of braces, you might think of the typical teenager with a gleaming silver grin. But this proceedure isn't just for kids. In fact, adult braces are becoming more and more popular now that innovations like clear and invisible braces are available. They allow you to straighten your teeth without a mouth full of metal.
Gum Surgery Gum surgery is used to treat gum disease in cases when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and unable to be repaired through non-surgical treatments. Gum surgery can also be performed for cosmetic reasons, as a way of elongating teeth and improving the architecture of the gums. Whether you’re undertaking gum surgery as a way to treat gum disease or you’re choosing it for cosmetic reasons, Dental O So Gentle’s dentists are experienced and qualified in performing gum surgery. What is gum disease? Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is caused by an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surround the teeth. There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis is the more mild of the two, periodontitis is severe and can spread beyond the gums and cause damage to the surrounding bone and tissues. What is gum surgery exactly? There are a few types of gum surgery and each case requires a customised surgery to suit the specific requirements of that situation. Flap surgery/ pocket reduction surgery – this procedure is the removal of tartar from underneath the gums and the reduction in the size of the space between the gum and teeth. This surgery is performed to decrease harmful bacteria growth and to prevent further health problems. In certain cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone can be smoothed over, to help and reduce the amount of places in which bacteria can reside. Soft tissue grafts – this type of gum surgery is undertaken in the event where the gums have receded too far or are too thin. A graft tissue, removed from the roof of the mouth, is then stitched on to the area that has been affected. This grafting process allows the lost dental arch tissue to be restored and improves the aesthetic appeal of the gum area around the tooth. Guided tissue regeneration – this procedure occurs when the bone that supports the tooth is destroyed. The aim of this surgery is to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth. A small piece of mesh like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue, often done in combination with flap surgery. This prevents tissue growth in the area where the bone needs to regenerate, allowing for the regrowth of bone and connective tissue to support the teeth. Bone Surgery – Bone surgery is performed after flap surgery has already been done. The bone is reshaped to rid the surface of any craters that may promote bacteria collection and growth. What can I expect from gum surgery? If you’re preparing to undergo gum surgery here is what to expect: Before the surgery – your dentist will clean your teeth to ensure that it is in the best state possible to receive surgical treatment. You will then be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area. During the surgery – your dentist will fold the gums back to form a flap that allows access to the tissue below the gums. This infected tissue will be removed and the appropriate tooth will be scaled to remove plaque and bacteria that might be growing beneath the gum line. This process will also smooth out rough spots that would otherwise promote gum disease reoccurrence. After the surgery – once the surgery is complete, your dentist will put the gums back into place using stitches. The stitches are resorbable and will dissolve by themselves. Is there any long-term pain after the surgery? Most people experience only mild to moderate pain, which can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers. If you experience moderate swelling we recommend the application of an ice pack to the swollen area. If you’re taking antibiotics as per your dentist’s instruction, make sure to follow the instructions carefully. It is not uncommon for there to be bleeding or swelling after gum surgery, however if these symptoms persist or if any other problems arise, make sure to contact your dentist immediately.
DENTAL CROWNS Crowns A dental crown is an artificial cap positioned over an existing tooth. They can be made from metal or ceramic materials, and can be matched up in shape, size and colour to fit in with your natural teeth. They can be used in both general dentistry and cosmetic treatments to help strengthen a tooth or improve its appearance respectively. As a cosmetic dentistry treatment they can be used as a means of changing the look of your smile and fixing the appearance of your teeth. What is the process of preparation for a crown? A crown treatment involves a few steps. Firstly, you will need to have an examination to ascertain the health of the rest of your teeth. In certain cases, a root canal treatment may need to be performed first. Once your oral health is examined, your teeth will be prepared for the crown. Your dentist will provide a temporary crown during the time in which your permanent crown is being crafted. Once this is done, the permanent crown will be cemented into place. What is a temporary crown? A temporary crown differs from a permanent crown in both material and use. Temporary crowns are made from plastic and acrylic and therefore won’t last that long, making them perfect for use as an interim measure. Temporary crowns are used during the preparation stage, before permanent crowns are fitted. The reason temporary crowns are used is to help diagnose fractured teeth, allow the gums to heal after surgery, and to help plan the layout of your new smile. Whilst treatments do differ from case to case, it is more than likely that you will be fitted with temporary crowns prior to receiving permanent crowns. How do I care for my temporary dental crown? During the time in which you have your temporary crown, we advise extra caution, as it is not as stable as a permanent crown. It is best to avoid any particularly hard or chewy foods – including chewing gum, raw vegetables, hard lollies and the like. Additionally, it is best if you try and avoid chewing on the areas of your mouth with temporary crowns. We also recommend that your refrain from flossing the crown. How do I care for my permanent crown? Unlike temporary crowns, your permanent crowns do not require any specific or careful treatment, but of course they should be looked after with the same level of care as your other teeth. This includes brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. We do, however, strongly recommend that you follow our 6-monthly hygiene maintenance programme. For more information regarding this programme, please contact your closest Dental O So Gentle clinic. How long do dental crowns last? While it is hard to say, because there are many factors that can influence the time a dental crown will last, typically they can last for 5 to 15 years. Not only will your oral health affect the life of your crowns, but so will biting your fingernails, crunching on ice or similar substances, and grinding your teeth. In short the better you take care of your crown, the longer it will last. To find out more information about how to help your dental crowns last as long as possible, get in contact with one of our Perth dental clinics.
GUM SURGERY Gum Surgery Gum surgery is used to treat gum disease in cases when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and unable to be repaired through non-surgical treatments. Gum surgery can also be performed for cosmetic reasons, as a way of elongating teeth and improving the architecture of the gums. Whether you’re undertaking gum surgery as a way to treat gum disease or you’re choosing it for cosmetic reasons, Dental O So Gentle’s dentists are experienced and qualified in performing gum surgery. What is gum disease? Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is caused by an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surround the teeth. There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis is the more mild of the two, periodontitis is severe and can spread beyond the gums and cause damage to the surrounding bone and tissues. What is gum surgery exactly? There are a few types of gum surgery and each case requires a customised surgery to suit the specific requirements of that situation. Flap surgery/ pocket reduction surgery – this procedure is the removal of tartar from underneath the gums and the reduction in the size of the space between the gum and teeth. This surgery is performed to decrease harmful bacteria growth and to prevent further health problems. In certain cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone can be smoothed over, to help and reduce the amount of places in which bacteria can reside. Soft tissue grafts – this type of gum surgery is undertaken in the event where the gums have receded too far or are too thin. A graft tissue, removed from the roof of the mouth, is then stitched on to the area that has been affected. This grafting process allows the lost dental arch tissue to be restored and improves the aesthetic appeal of the gum area around the tooth. Guided tissue regeneration – this procedure occurs when the bone that supports the tooth is destroyed. The aim of this surgery is to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth. A small piece of mesh like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue, often done in combination with flap surgery. This prevents tissue growth in the area where the bone needs to regenerate, allowing for the regrowth of bone and connective tissue to support the teeth. Bone Surgery – Bone surgery is performed after flap surgery has already been done. The bone is reshaped to rid the surface of any craters that may promote bacteria collection and growth. What can I expect from gum surgery? If you’re preparing to undergo gum surgery here is what to expect: Before the surgery – your dentist will clean your teeth to ensure that it is in the best state possible to receive surgical treatment. You will then be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area. During the surgery – your dentist will fold the gums back to form a flap that allows access to the tissue below the gums. This infected tissue will be removed and the appropriate tooth will be scaled to remove plaque and bacteria that might be growing beneath the gum line. This process will also smooth out rough spots that would otherwise promote gum disease reoccurrence. After the surgery – once the surgery is complete, your dentist will put the gums back into place using stitches. The stitches are resorbable and will dissolve by themselves. Is there any long-term pain after the surgery? Most people experience only mild to moderate pain, which can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers. If you experience moderate swelling we recommend the application of an ice pack to the swollen area. If you’re taking antibiotics as per your dentist’s instruction, make sure to follow the instructions carefully. It is not uncommon for there to be bleeding or swelling after gum surgery, however if these symptoms persist or if any other problems arise, make sure to contact your dentist immediately.
DENTAL IMPLANTS Dental Implants Dental implants are a type of artificial tooth root. They can be used for both functional and cosmetic purposes. Dental implants also provide a strong foundation on which dental crowns can be placed. These dental crowns can be designed to match your natural teeth allowing for a better-looking smile. There are various reasons why you might decide to receive dental implants. Sometimes they are a necessary treatment and in other cases, they form a part of a cosmetic dental solution. If you’re looking for a Perth dentist who specialises in dental implants for general- and cosmetic treatments, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us at Dental O So Gentle! Uses for Dental Implants Appearance – Dental implants can be used to enhance your appearance and when fused to the bone can both look and feel like your own natural teeth. Speech – For some people, ill-fitting dentures can pose speech problems. If you feel like you’re mumbling or slurring your words, dental implants can be a potential solution to prevent this from happening. Comfort – Both removable and partial full dentures can sometimes be uncomfortable to wear. Plus, sliding dentures can pose an issue when eating certain types of foods. Implants do not cause this problem, due to the permanency and rigidness of their application. Oral health – When you receive dental implants, the surrounding teeth do not need to be altered. This not only allows long term oral health improvement, but it also means that maintaining oral hygiene is easier due to the better access available between teeth. Convenience – The permanency of dental implants removes the necessity to take out your dentures, which can often be time consuming, embarrassing or both. Dental implants can last a lifetime when taken care of properly. If you’re interested in exploring dental implants for any of the above reasons, get in touch with your nearest Dental O So Gentle Perth clinic today. What is involved in receiving dental implants? The first step of receiving dental implants is the development of a personalised treatment plan. This will be a plan customised to address your specific needs, problems and situation, created by your dentist and implant surgeon. The actual application of the dental implants is performed through placing the titanium implants into the bone of the missing tooth. The jawbone then heals and grows around the implant, integrating it with the bone and anchoring it securely in the jaw. The healing and integration process can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. Once the implant has integrated with the jawbone an abutment, which is the name of a small connector post, is then attached to the implant to further secure it in your mouth. Your dentist will take and use an impression of your teeth to then create a model of your bite and consequently a new tooth (or teeth). A replacement tooth, called a crown, is then attached to the abutment. In certain circumstances the abutment itself can be incorporated into the crown. Your new teeth are then customised to match the colour of your natural teeth and secured in the jawbone to ensure that they function, feel and appear like your other teeth. If necessary your dentist may do a bone and tissue augmentation to ensure that the crown appears as if it emerges out of the gum. An implant that is required in the area visible when smiling, may also need a temporary crown to hide the gap until the permanent crown is ready for application. Implant born dentures are applied in a similar way, with only the dentures being attached to the implant. How do I take care of my dental implants? Dental implants can be taken care of by following the same steps involved in caring for natural teeth – regular brushing, flossing and dental check-ups.
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